Burdock - a weed or a valuable raw cosmetic material
Beata W. Domagalska, Marta Cybulska
Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa Kosmetyki i Pielęgnacji Zdrowia w Warszawie
Burdock (Arctium lappa L.) is a popular plant, considered a weed in our climate zone, while in the countries of East Asia, burdock is grown as a vegetable (root) and a medicinal plant. In recent years, burdock was extensively studied for its active ingredients contained in the root, leaves and seeds, and their physicochemical and biochemical properties. These studies confirm the antiradical, antioxidant and antimicrobial effect of raw materials from burdock. From a practical point of view, unpeeled burdock root, which has not undergone heat treatment is best suited for the manufacture of raw cosmetic materials. Extracts of burdock are able to inhibit the growth of some microorganisms (e.g. endodontic) so they can be used in antimicrobial soaps or toothpastes. Although the raw cosmetic materials obtained from the seeds, fruits or leaves of burdock have properties important in the design of cosmetics and are available on the market, they are still rarely used in cosmetics.
Key words: burdock, Arctium lappa, antyradical activity, polyphenols, fructans, cosmetology